These ornamental papers are principally for show, although the avowed purpose is to light cigars, lamps, &c. There is a great variety in the manner of making them. Double a strip of paper about an inch wide ; cut it across the width into very fine rows ; begin to cut at the doubled edge, and leave about the width of your nail uncut at the opposite edge. When wound round and round little rolls of paper, prepared for the purpose, they have a very pretty appearance. Paper cut and wound in the same way, of different widths, makes a pleasing variety : two papers of different colours wound on the same stem, or gold paper and white paper wound together, are very beautiful. Another kind is made by cutting papers about an inch and a half, or two inches long, into the shape of feathers, and then feathering the edges by very fine cuttings ; roll them over your fingers, so as to make them curve gracefully ; and tie three or four of them upon the stem you have prepared ; they will droop over, like feathers in a cap. Another kind is made of very narrow strips of paper, not wider than fine bobbin, wound tight round a knitting needle, so as to make them curl prettily, and then tied in clusters upon a stem. The stems are rolls of paper about as large as a quill, pasted so as to keep them from unrolling ; they should be nearly as tall again as the vase in which they are placed ; some of the drooping ones should be made shorter, so as to fall carelessly over the sides of the vase.

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Main Research Source
What have we learnt?

I imagine the fringed spills to be like the ‘Fancy Spills’ pictured in Godey’s Lay Book here.

David Mitchell from The Public Paperfolding History Project says af Alumets: ‘presumably a misspelling of alumettes, which is French for matches’.